Covid-19 Vaccine: Side-effects, Precautions, working, vaccines used in India.

Published by Pratik on

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Hi, Firstly I would suggest you this is not a news article. In this post we have provided you the necessary info about covid-19 vaccine.

If I am not wrong then this year 2020 will be remembered as the Covid year in history. This unfold story started from the markets of Wuhan, china to every street of every city of every country of this world.

More than 92 million cases and 2 million death have been seen yet all over the world. Nearly In India, 1,01,46,845 confirmed COVID-19 cases and over 1,47,092 deaths.

 According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the vaccination campaign in the country may take more than a year.

About the covid-19 vaccine.

COVID-19 vaccination is permitted only for those who are 18 and older. There are two types of vaccines given in India Covishield and covaxin.

Covishield

  • It is co-developed by the University of Oxford and British-Swedish company AstraZeneca. this type of vaccine is used in UK, Argentina, Mexico, and India. It is manufactured by the Serum Institute of India.
  • Covishield is a recombinant covid-19 vaccine based on viral vector technology.
  • No of dosage in each vial shelf life of Covishield is 10.
  • Its physical appearance is clear to slightly opaque, colorless to slightly brown.

Covaxin

  • It is developed by the pharmaceutical company Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the national institute of virology Pune(NIV).
  • Covaxin is a whole-virion inactivated Corona vaccine.
  • No of dosage in each vial shelf life of Covaxin is 20.
  • Its physical appearance is whitish translucent.
  • The gap between 1st shot and 2nd shots is similar (4-weeks apart).

Disclaimer: This information is officially released by the ministry of health and family welfare by the Indian government. (about the Covid-19 vaccine).

Do vaccinated people need to take precautions?

Most people are thinking that once the vaccine has been introduced to them, then they are totally secure from Coronavirus. Our body needs time to develop immunity.

Hence two shots of vaccine are introduced. 1st vaccine shots help in creating a response against those viruses, while 2nd vaccine shots help in boosting the immune system.

  • Wash your hands often.
  • Don’t forget to wear a mask in public.
  • You can’t drink alcohol for 45 days.
  • Maintain social distance.
  • Use sanitizer periodically.

It is also said, that there is no guarantee given by any institute that a vaccinated person will not transmit the virus to another person.

Minor side effects of the Covid-19 vaccine.

The most common side effects that you can experience after covid-19 vaccine include

  • Headaches.
  • Injected site pain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Tiredness. ( feeling lazy or sleepy)
  • Deep muscle pain ( Myalgia).
  • Rise in body temperature (pyrexia).
  • Joint pain ( Arthralgia).
  • Some are common like swelling and redness of injected site.

If you have pain/discomfort from fever then talk to your healthcare provider about taking over-counter medicine such as paracetamol ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

Those effects are Minor and not harmful to the body. Generally, those side effects can be seen in every introduced vaccine.
These side effects occur because your body is adapting to the vaccine.

Serious side effects of the covid-19 vaccine.

Here are common effects seen due to the introduced vaccine.

Yellow fever:
According to the WHO those serious side-effects occur at a rate of around 0.09 to 0.4 cases over 10000 doses of the yellow fever vaccine.

Allergies:
There are only 1-2 cases per million seen of allergy caused due to vaccines.
A severe allergies reaction may be seen within a few minutes to one hour after getting a dose of the covid-19 vaccine. Hence your vaccination provider asks you to stay at the place where you received your vaccine for monitoring after vaccination.
Some of the sign of allergies may include sweeping of the face, difficulty breathing, skin rashes, weakness,

Working of covid-19 vaccine:

Covid-19vaccine: This is an mRNA vaccine which is completely new one, that to not been widely used before.
Like other vaccines, this vaccine will be injected into the upper muscle of your arms.
when this vaccine is injected into our body, the mRNA present in it has a small coding or part of that virus, which then enters the cytoplasm of the cell where ribosomes read the coding present on it and form the protein.

But what is the role of this protein? The antibody get stimulates they think, this protein is a foreign particle he should be killed.
These antibodies form an army against these foreign particles and neutralize/kill them.
As we known mRNA has a coding of Covid virus. Hence antibodies kill the Covid virus also.
For future prevention, this antibody type is stored in our B cells.

Why this technique not be used earlier?

This type of mRNA vaccine is more unstable as compared to others.
This vaccine is stored at -70°C. and at normal refrigerated temperature -40°C, it can only last for five days.


Can the Covid-19 vaccine cause corona?

The answer is big No, Covid-19 vaccine does not contain the SARS-CoV-2 virus so it is not possible that you can contract covid – through the vaccine.

Can anyone take two different doses of covid vaccine,I mean 1st dose covishield and 2nd dose covaxin ?

No, we can’t take different doses of different vaccine. As covishield and covaxin are totally different vaccine from each other one contents the live cells and other the dead one. Research is on the way for mixing of different vaccine , but for now you can’t change your vaccine doses.

Can anyone take two different doses of covid vaccine,I mean 1st dose covishield and 2nd dose covaxin ?

References:

  1. AsapSCIENCE
  2. MEDSimplified.


Categories: Disease

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